Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery or commonly known as CABG | Bypass surgery is indicated when one or more coronary arteries(arteries supplying heart muscle) are significantly narrowed.These Coronary arteries supply your heart with oxygenated (pure) blood.If these arteries are blocked or narrowed ,then blood flow to the heart muscle is reduced especially during exertion.As the name “Bypass surgery”suggests,blocked blood vessels are bypassed with conduits(patient’s own arteries or veins).Depending on the number of grafts,CABG is termed as Single | Double | Triple | Quadruple | Multi vessel bypass surgery.

Mitral valve replacement is a cardiac surgical procedure in which a patient’s diseased mitral valve is replaced by either a mechanical or bioprosthetic valve. Mitral valve replacement is performed when the valve becomes too tight for blood to flow into the left ventricle, or too loose in which case blood can leak back into the left atrium and thereby back into the lung. Mitral valve disease can occur from infection, calcification,inherited collagen disease, or other causes.Since a mitral valve replacement is an open heart surgical procedure, it requires placing the patient on cardiopulmonary bypass.

Minimally Invasive Cardiac Surgery is a procedure performed through several small incisions instead of the traditional open-heart surgery. This is favored by surgeons and patients because of reduced post-operative discomfort, faster healing times and lowered risk of infections or complications.The incision used for minimally invasive heart surgery is about 3 to 4 inches instead of the 6- to 8-inch incision required for traditional surgery.There are two types of MICSs.

Minimally Invasive Valve Surgery
Minimally Invasive CABG Surgery

Video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) is a type of thoracic surgery performed using a small video camera that is introduced into the patient’s chest via a scope. The surgeon is able to view the instruments that are being used along with the anatomy on which the surgeon is operating. The camera and instruments are inserted through separate holes in the chest wall also known as “ports”. These small ports are advantageous because the chance for infection and wound dehiscence are drastically reduced. This allows for a faster recovery by the patient and a greater chance for the wound to heal.

VATS offers numerous benefits over the traditional open approach in early stage lung cancer treatment.These include:
1)Less pain after the operation,
2)Better immune system response
3)Better chance of breathing normally 
4)Better quality of life.


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